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Empress in Chinese / Japanese...

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China huáng hòu
Japan kou gou
Empress Vertical Wall Scroll

皇后 is the title of empress or emperess, the female form of emperor. 皇后 is used in Chinese, Japanese Kanji, and old Korean Hanja.

While the emperor's reign was for life, if he died, his wife would hold his power. In this case, a woman was the ultimate ruler of the greater part of East Asia (what is now China) until her death and the succession of the emperor's first born son to lead the empire. Numerous times in various Chinese dynasties, an empress took power in this way.

The first character means emperor by itself.

The second character alone can mean "wife of an emperor or king" (the first character clarifies that we are talking about an empress, and not a queen). It can also mean sovereign or last offspring, depending on context.

Note: In some books, this word is translated as queen. While only incorrect if you get technical (because an empress is theoretically a higher level than a queen), the meaning is very similar.

皇后 is sometimes used for the title of queen but more technically, this is the wife of the emperor (a higher level than a queen).

See Also:  Emperor | King | Queen | Phoenix

Queen / Empress

Wife of the King
China wáng hòu
Japan ou kou
Queen / Empress Vertical Wall Scroll

王后 is another way to write queen in Chinese, Japanese Kanji, and old Korean Hanja.

王后 is sometimes used for the title of empress.

The first character means "king" and the second means "wife," or a short form to say "wife of the king / emperor." So this is literally, "king's wife" or "emperor's wife." Some will translate this as "queen consort."

See Also:  Queen | Goddess | King | Emperor

Not the results for empress that you were looking for?

Below are some entries from our dictionary that may match your empress search...


If shown, 2nd row is Simp. Chinese

Simple Dictionary Definition


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Mandarin huáng hòu / huang2 hou4
Taiwan huang hou
Japanese kougou / kogo / こうごう
Queen / Empress Vertical Wall Scroll
Chinese empress; imperial consort
Japanese (noun - becomes adjective with の) (Japanese) empress; queen; (surname) Kougou



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Mandarin yè kǎ jié lín nà / ye4 ka3 jie2 lin2 na4
Taiwan yeh k`a chieh lin na / yeh ka chieh lin na
Queen / Empress Vertical Wall Scroll
Chinese Yekaterina or Ekaterina (name); Catherine the Great or Catherine the Second (1684-1727), Empress of Russia

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Mandarin hòu / hou4
Taiwan hou
Japanese kisaki / きさき
Chinese empress; queen; surname Hou
Japanese (out-dated kanji) (suffix) after; (out-dated or obsolete kana usage) empress; queen; (female given name) Kisaki

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Mandarin yuán / yuan2
Taiwan yüan
Chinese name of an empress

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Mandarin zhào / zhao4
Taiwan chao
Chinese name invented for herself by Tang empress Wu Zetian 武則天|武则天[Wu3 Ze2 tian1]


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Japanese sankou / sanko / さんこう Japanese Grand Empress Dowager, the Empress Dowager and the Empress Consort


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Japanese sanguu / sangu / さんぐう Japanese (obscure) (See 三后) Grand Empress Dowager, the Empress Dowager and the Empress Consort; (surname) Mimiya; (surname) Minomiya; (surname, given name) Mitsumiya; (surname) Sanmiya; (place-name, surname) Sannomiya; (place-name, surname) Sanguu; (surname) Sangu


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Japanese chuuguu / chugu / ちゅうぐう Japanese (1) (See 三后) the empress, the empress dowager and the grand empress dowager; (2) emperor's second consort; (3) empress; palace of the empress; (4) building of a Shinto shrine built on middle ground; (5) (See 皇居) demesne of the imperial palace; (place-name, surname) Nakamiya; (surname) Nakanomiya; (given name) Chuuguu


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Mandarin qián líng / qian2 ling2
Taiwan ch`ien ling / chien ling
Chinese Qianling at Xianyang 咸陽市|咸阳市 in Shaanxi, burial site of third Tang emperor 高宗 and empress Wuzetian 武則天|武则天


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Japanese ryouan / ryoan / りょうあん Japanese court mourning (for the late emperor or empress); national mourning



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Mandarin fó ye / fo2 ye5
Taiwan fo yeh
Chinese Buddha (term of respect for Sakyamuni 釋迦牟尼|释迦牟尼[Shi4 jia1 mou2 ni2]); His Holiness (refers to a Buddhist grandee); Buddha; God; emperor; in late Qing court, refers exclusively to Empress Dowager Cixi 慈禧太后[Ci2 xi3 tai4 hou4]


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Japanese gishin / ぎしん Japanese empress dowager's home


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Japanese dairi / だいり Japanese (1) imperial palace; (2) (abbreviation) (See 内裏雛) festival dolls representing the emperor and the empress; (place-name) Dairi



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Mandarin cè lì / ce4 li4
Taiwan ts`e li / tse li
Japanese sakuritsu;sakuryuu / sakuritsu;sakuryu / さくりつ;さくりゅう
Chinese to confer a title on (an empress or a prince)
Japanese (noun/participle) imperial investiture; installation


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Japanese tairin / たいりん Japanese visit by the empress or the crown prince


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Japanese tairan / たいらん Japanese inspection by the empress or the crown prince


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Japanese kouguu / kogu / こうぐう Japanese (1) empress's palace; queen's palace; (2) empress; queen


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Mandarin hòu zuò / hou4 zuo4
Taiwan hou tso
Chinese empress's throne; (fig.) first place in a feminine competition


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Mandarin āi jiā / ai1 jia1
Taiwan ai chia
Chinese I, me (self-referring by a widowed empress etc, used in historical novels and operas)


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Japanese kokki / こっき Japanese anniversary of the death of an emperor or empress


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Japanese kokubo / こくぼ Japanese empress; empress dowager; (place-name, surname) Kokubo


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Japanese oomiya / おおみや Japanese (1) (honorific or respectful language) imperial palace; shrine; (2) Grand Empress Dowager; Empress Dowager; (3) woman of imperial lineage who has borne a child; (4) elderly woman of imperial lineage; (place-name, surname) Oomiya; (surname) Ooguu; (surname) Oumiya


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Mandarin tiān hòu / tian1 hou4
Taiwan t`ien hou / tien hou
Japanese tenkou / tenko / てんこう
Chinese Tin Hau, Empress of Heaven, another name for the goddess Matsu 媽祖|妈祖[Ma1 zu3]; Tin Hau (Hong Kong area around the MTR station with same name)
Japanese queen of heaven
Queen of Heaven, v. 摩利支.


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Mandarin tài hòu / tai4 hou4
Taiwan t`ai hou / tai hou
Japanese taikou / taiko / たいこう
Chinese Empress Dowager
Japanese empress dowager; queen mother


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Japanese jotei / jote / じょてい Japanese empress


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Mandarin nǚ huáng / nu:3 huang2
Taiwan nü huang
Japanese jokou / joko / じょこう
Chinese empress
Japanese (See 女帝) empress; queen


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Japanese nyouin;nyoin / nyoin;nyoin / にょういん;にょいん Japanese (honorific or respectful language) (See 院・6) woman bestowed with the title "in" (usu. the empress, imperial princesses, etc.); (personal name) Nyouin


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Japanese mebina / めびな Japanese Empress doll (in display with Emperor doll)


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Mandarin niáng niang / niang2 niang5
Taiwan niang niang
Japanese nyannyan / ニャンニャン
Chinese queen; empress; imperial concubine; Goddess, esp. Xi Wangmu 王母娘娘 or 西王母, Queen Mother of the West; mother; aunt
Japanese Niangniang (chi:); Chinese goddess



see styles
Mandarin gōng zhǔ / gong1 zhu3
Taiwan kung chu
Japanese miyanushi / みやぬし
Chinese imperial empress; milady
Japanese (personal name) Miyanushi

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Queen / Empress Vertical Wall Scroll
Queen / Empress Vertical Wall Scroll
Queen / Empress Vertical Wall Scroll
Queen / Empress Vertical Wall Scroll

And formats...

Queen / Empress Vertical Portrait
Queen / Empress Horizontal Wall Scroll
Queen / Empress Vertical Portrait

Lookup Empress in my Japanese & Chinese Dictionary

The following table may be helpful for those studying Chinese or Japanese...

Title CharactersRomaji(Romanized Japanese)Various forms of Romanized Chinese
Empress皇后kou gou / kougou / ko go / kogohuáng hòu
huang2 hou4
huang hou
王后ou kou / oukou / o ko / okowáng hòu / wang2 hou4 / wang hou / wanghou

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Some people may refer to this entry as Empress Kanji, Empress Characters, Empress in Mandarin Chinese, Empress Characters, Empress in Chinese Writing, Empress in Japanese Writing, Empress in Asian Writing, Empress Ideograms, Chinese Empress symbols, Empress Hieroglyphics, Empress Glyphs, Empress in Chinese Letters, Empress Hanzi, Empress in Japanese Kanji, Empress Pictograms, Empress in the Chinese Written-Language, or Empress in the Japanese Written-Language.

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Empress was last searched for by someone else on Feb 6th, 2019